Mirena is a method of birth control that can prevent pregnancy for 3 to 5 years. It is suitable for anyone that has had at least one child. The following article will provide insight to what it is and how it works as well as possible Mirena side effects. It may help you decide if this type of contraception is for you.
What Is Mirena？
Mirena is a device implanted in your uterus causing a thickening of mucus in the cervix, which impedes fertilization of the ova. Some of the benefits are:
- Slow release of a female hormone
- Only a small amount of this hormone reaches the blood stream
- Begin shortly after giving birth
- Helps suppress ovulation
- Can prevent pregnancy for up to five years
This is the IUD we so often hear about, and it is the only one approved by FDA. Mirena’s small T-shaped device should not interfere with intercourse or tampon usage. Every method of birth control has positives and negatives. Investigate them all before making your decision.
What Are the Benefits of Mirena?
Mirena provides effortless long-term contraception. It is viable for up to 5 years. There are many other attributes to this therapy, one being the lack of estrogen, eliminating the associated risks. Within six months of use, women with severe menstrual pain or heavy bleeding report a reduction in both. Mirena is also credited with risk reduction of endometrial and possibly cervical cancer.
Breast-feeding is acceptable, but some doctors recommend waiting 6 to 8 weeks before starting Mirena. Simply check with your obstetrician. When you are ready to pursue or resume your family plans. Have Mirena removed and your body will return to a normal fertility baseline very quickly. Every drug has side effects that you should be aware of before you use it. Side effects may be severe, moderate or mild and some are harmless. Still, you should inform your doctor's office if you experience any of them that worry you.
What Are the Mirena Side Effects?
1. Common Mirena Side Effects
Vaginal itching accompanied with irregular periods is not unusual. You may also see a change in flow and quantity, so don’t be surprised. Some women report a feeling of bloating and back pain initially. If this pain is significant, notify your doctor. You could have an increase of hair growth, weight gain and become less interested in sex. Occasionally, women complain of nausea and breast tenderness, and less frequently a return of the dreaded acne. If you develop puffiness in your face and extremities, call your physician. It happens, but it should be noted in your records.
2. More Serious Mirena Side Effects
- Tubal pregnancy
A tubal pregnancy is a medical emergency. It can happen with any intrauterine device. The pregnancy can develop in the fallopian tube rather than the uterus. Your only symptom may be severe pain in the lower stomach or side. Should this occur, go to the emergency room immediately. Surgical intervention may be required.
Perforation is another serious condition that may occur. The implant embeds itself in the uterine wall or even punctures a hole in it. It will eliminate the protection of preventing conception and migrate outside the uterus. If migration occurs, it can cause infection, scarring and damage to other organs.
- Other serious effects
A feeling of extreme dizziness, pain during intercourse or pelvic pain is a concern. Incidence of continuous vaginal bleeding, foul smelling discharge or sores in the vaginal area indicate infection. Note any signs of infection such as fever, chills, and weakness and don’t delay calling your doctor. He may have to remove the device.
- Serious pelvic infection
Avoid having more than one sexual partner. Mirena can increase your risk of developing a serious pelvic infection often caused by sexually transmitted diseases. Mirena will not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases.
A subtle yet important effect is jaundice. It’s often noticed in the eyes first as a muted yellow color. You may also see a change in bruising. The slightest bump may cause ghastly discolorations. These symptoms must be evaluated as soon as possible.
- Allergic reaction
Indicators of an allergic reaction generally include hives, swelling in your face and tongue area. It may be difficult to swallow or breathe. Just remember that the reaction usually begins on the inside. When you see swelling on the outside, it probably demands attention right away.
It is essential that all conditions, medications and previous medical problems are told to your doctor prior to implanting Mirena.
Is Mirena Suitable for You?
1. Talk to Your Doctor About Your Medical History
Informing your doctor of all medications you currently take is imperative. Drug interactions may cause complications for you or render Mirena ineffective. Your medical history will play a huge part in making the decision to use Mirena or not.
2. Conditions Where You Cannot Take Mirena
- If you have ever had cancer of the breast, cervix or uterus, it is a NO.
- Liver disease, tumors of the liver, abnormal vaginal bleeding or pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Allergies to silver, iron, and silicone are reasons to choose another type of prevention. Some people are allergic to Levonorgestrel, the very medication released from the implant. Advise your caretaker of all allergic reactions or adverse reactions you have experienced. Include any herbal medications you take.
- Fibroid tumors can cause difficulty with placement of the IUD. It can interfere with retention as well. If you have used an IUD in the past, that information is pertinent.
3. Take Tests Before Mirena
Patients taking certain medications will require tests prior to implantation. Approving clients with diabetes, heart disease or high blood pressure are deliberated with a higher level of discernment. Conditions that affect your body’s blood clotting ability may determine if you are eligible for this drug.
If you are still considering Mirena or other methods of birth control, please take a moment to view the video below: